The Guggenheim Museum Bilbao presents Gego. Measuring Infinity, a major retrospective offering a fully integrated view of the work by German-Venezuelan artist Gertrud Goldschmidt (b. 1912, Hamburg; d. 1994, Caracas), also known as Gego, and her distinctive approach to the language of abstraction. Arranged chronologically and thematically, the exhibition examines the artist’s formal and conceptual contributions through her organic forms, linear structures, and modular abstractions.
Nearly 150 works from the early 1950s through the early 1990s are featured including sculptures, drawings, prints, textiles, and artist’s books, alongside photographic images of installations and public artworks, sketches, publications, and letters. Situating Gego’s practice in the artistic contexts of Latin America that transpired over the course of her lengthy career, the survey also considers her intersections with – and departures from – key transnational art movements such as Geometric Abstraction and Kinetic Art.
Born into a German Jewish family, Gego first trained as an architect and engineer at the Technische Hochschule Stuttgart (now Universität Stuttgart). Fleeing Nazi persecution in 1939, she immigrated to Venezuela, where she settled permanently, and in 1953 embarked on an artistic career that would span more than four decades. In two- and three-dimensional works across a variety of mediums, the artist explored the relationship between line, space, and volume. Her engagements in the related fields of architecture, design, and education complemented those investigations.
Gego is one of the most significant artists to emerge from Latin America during the second half of the 20th century, and her career traced a markedly individual artistic path, which defied categorization. She put forth radical ideas through her investigations of structural systems: transparency, tension, fragility, spatial relations, and the optical effects of motion are all methodically addressed in her singular body of work. This historical retrospective demonstrates the breadth of Gego’s multidisciplinary practice, advancing a deeper understanding and appreciation of the artist and her oeuvre in a global context.